A gruesome account of a 1666 blood transfusion and amusing notes about how an 8-year-old Mozart responded to tests of his genius were published on Monday as part of an online history of scientific endeavour. The “Trailblazing” website was created by Britain’s influential science academy the Royal Society, and includes handwritten papers on some of the most important scientific discoveries of the past three and a half centuries. The creators of Trailblazing say it is a “go-at-your-own-pace” virtual journey through science which the Royal Society hopes will inspire members of the public to see science as part of everyday life and culture. The papers, taken from past issues of the oldest scientific journal in the English-speaking world, Philosophical Transactions, also include documents from 1776 on how Captain James Cook saved his sailors from scurvy with pickled cabbage, lemons and malt – long before ideas about nutrition developed. They also include Stephen Hawking’s early writing on black holes and Isaac Newton’s 1672 landmark work on the nature of light and colour and 1940 papers on the discovery of penicillin.