Up to 100 newspaper titles in Italy are facing closure because of the government’s subsidy cuts – down from EUR 170m a year to EUR 53m. The include Liberazione, a communist daily; L’Unita, the paper founded by Antonio Gramsci; Il Manifesto, an independent left-wing paper; and Avvenire, a popular Catholic daily. But the bulk of the closures will involve local papers across the country. According to the Financial Times’s report, The subsidies are now viewed as a wasteful abuse of taxpayers’ money to prop up a declining industry with limited readership (Liberazione publishes about 5,000 copies). The cuts, ordered by the previous government of Silvio Berlusconi, have been confirmed by Mario Monti’s administration. Mainstream newspapers – such as Corriere della Sera and La Repubblica – will continue to benefit from indirect subsidies, such as VAT waivers on copies sold by subscription and reduced postal delivery costs.